English Springer Spaniel Breed Information
Introduced in the United States more than 300 years ago, the English Springer Spaniel is considered the first of the English hunting spaniels.
This medium-size dog with the long ears and happy disposition has a history that goes back hundreds of years to its days as a companion for European hunters. The name comes from its way of springing forward to flush game birds out of hiding.
Today, it is still an excellent retriever and does will in competition that requires agility, tracking, obedience, and of course, retrieving. Its good disposition makes it an excellent family dog, which is good with children.
Keep in mind that many English Springer Spaniels have very high energy levels, thus needing regular exercise. Having a medium-size yard for the dog to run in is ideal for this often fun-loving breed.
English Springer Spaniel Temperament
A typical English Springer Spaniel is friendly and eager to please a firm but gentle owner. A well-bred Springer is poised and comfortable with people, usually not showing aggression toward other dogs. This breed enjoys being around its family and is generally not a shy dog. With some careful planning and selection from a good breeder, Springer Spaniel owners would have a faithful and obedient companion.
As with any purebred dog, the proper breeding and socialization as a puppy are critical in the development of a good pet. This sporting breed can get along very well in the home with proper handling while allowing the dog to maintain its adventurous spirit. The Springer’s beautiful, longhaired coat and nice colors give it a certain style and appearance that disguises its sturdiness and ability to work hard in the field.
English Springer Spaniel Size and Color
The English Springer Spaniel is a medium-size dog but is one of the largest of the spaniels. This do has a sturdy build, standing approximately 19 to 20 inches tall and weighing around 50 pounds.
Bred as a working dog and used extensively for hunting, the Springer will need plenty of exercise and activity to maintain its compact and solid body. Additionally, this breed has a smooth and flowing gate, actually springing when flushing game.
English Springer Spaniels are liver and white or black and white and may have some minor tan markings. The coat is relatively long and straight, lying close to the body, with “feathering” at the legs, ears, and chest.
A health adult Springer would have a well-balanced appearance with an impressive head and strong jaw. Typically, the tail is “docked” and for show purposes, the dog could be disqualified if not.
English Springer Spaniel Feeding and Grooming Requirements
Because it is a working breed, very active in the outdoors, the English Springer Spaniel needs a quality diet that allows it to remain the energetic dog it is meant to be. Many experienced owners and breeders maintain that fresh lean meats, fruits, and vegetables are best for active dogs.
In fact, it is recommended that you avoid using low-quality commercial food that contains high levels of grain, such as wheat, corn, and soy because many dogs are actually have allergies, causing dry skin and other problems.
Even though this breed has a weatherproof coat of some length, it is actually quite easy to maintain. Regular brushing with a stiff bristle brush should take care of most normal grooming, as well as an occasional bath and/or dry shampoo.
Springer Spaniels with a longer coat can develop some matting, so it is best to watch for this. Then, pay some extra attention to the ears and feet, check the ears for infection since they are long and the inside is not visible.
English Springer Spaniel Exercise Needs
Since the English Springer Spaniel was bred, as a hunting dog and built for working outdoors, your pet wants and needs plenty of exercise. A medium size yard to run in would keep the Springer quite happy. You also want to plan to take the Springer out for runs in the park if possible since this breed loves being around people.
However, retrieving and swimming are favorite activities for the English Springer Spaniel. This breed can become bored if left alone for long periods and while they do well in apartment living, make sure you provide plenty of exercise time.
More About English Springer Spaniel
- English Springer Spaniel : 10 Most Common Questions
- English Springer Spaniel Training Guide
- English Springer Spaniel Health Guide
- Owning an English Springer Spaniel : Dachshund Recommendations